Orthodontics Introduction
Treatment
Oral Hygiene
Before and After
"Orthodontists are trained specialists moms can trust because only orthodontists have two to three years of specialized education beyond dental school, including a residency supervised by orthodontists".

Orthodontics Introduction

What is an Orthodontist?

A certified orthodontist is trained specifically in the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of problems with crooked teeth and jaws, as well as problems of the jaw joints.

All the orthodontists in British Columbia must first obtain a license to practice dentistry in Canada. They must then successfully complete at least two years of advanced training in the specialized field of orthodontics from an accredited university. Finally, they must pass all provincial dental licensing exams in the field of orthodontics. Only dentists with such advanced specialty education can present themselves as orthodontists.

Most people associate orthodontia with the application of braces to correct crooked teeth in children, however Orthodontists treat a wide variety of conditions in people of all ages - from overbites to underbites.

Why I need orthodontic treatment: Malocclusion or "bad-bite"

Malocclusion is a technical term for crooked, crowded or protruding teeth which do not fit together properly. Most malocclusions are inherited. These include crowding of teeth, too much space between teeth, extra or missing teeth, cleft palate and a variety of irregularities of the jaws and face. Some malocclusions are acquired and can be caused by thumb-sucking, tongue thrusting, dental diseases, premature loss of primary or permanent teeth, accidents or some medical problems.

Left untreated, these orthodontic problems can become worse causing crooked and crowded teeth which are hard to clean and maintain. This may contribute to conditions that may cause tooth decay, eventual gum disease and tooth loss. A bad bite can also cause abnormal wear of tooth surfaces, difficulty in chewing and excess stress of the supporting bone and gum tissue.

Symptoms that trigger orthodontics

If you or your child have any of the following symptoms, have your general or pediatric dentist evaluate whether a poor bite may be responsible for:

  • Difficulty chewing due to tooth pain or difficulty aligning teeth;
  • Facial muscle or jaw pain;
  • Permanent teeth coming in (erupting) out of their normal position;
  • Problems with biting the cheek or roof of the mouth
  • Speech difficulties.

    Dental Care

    We would like to reinforce the need for you to keep regular visits with your family or pediatric dentist. They play a vital role in maintaining good oral health. We are in aid to your dentist, not a replacement.


  • Monarch Dental Centre Burnaby
    4980 Kingsway, Burnaby, BC • Suite 501
    Phone: (604) 434-9060 • Fax: (604) 433-4981
    Monarch Dental Centre Port Moody
    205 Newport Drive, Port Moody, BC • Suite 501
    Phone: (604) 461-9160 • Fax: (604) 461-4981
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